A Pictorial History of Craighead County: An Informative Guide
A Pictorial History of Craighead County is located in Arkansas and is part of the Jonesboro Metropolitan Statistical Area. In the early days, the county was known as Carrowehead, which was derived from an early settler, Thomas Carrow. From the very beginning, this area provided an abundant land and plentiful resources for the settlers.
A Pictorial History of Craighead County has gone through various stages of development— from being a divided agricultural region, to becoming a major center for commerce and industry in the region. For over two centuries, Craighead County has been the home for many people who have experienced different events, trends, and lifestyles. This pictorial history of Craighead County seeks to offer an informative look at some of the significant moments and stories from the past.
A Pictorial History of Craighead County has a deep history that can be traced back to pre-colonial times. During this period, the area was known as Carrowehead, derived from an early settler named Thomas Carrow. The natural resources in the area were plentiful, making it attractive to settlers seeking a new home. According to historical records, Native American tribes such as the Choctaw, Osage and Quapaw also inhabited the area. These tribes often traveled through the county, trading with the colonists and participating in hunting expeditions.
Over the years, the landscape of the county changed significantly. After the Louisiana Purchase, the area that is now Craighead County became part of the Arkansas Territory. In 1850, Craighead was officially christened and became the eleventh county to be created in Arkansas.
While the early settlers brought significant changes to the county, their lives were largely shaped by the bountiful resources the county provided. The main source of income for the settlers was the agricultural and timber industry of the county. Cotton and tobacco were the most commonly grown crops, with other commodities such as rice, corn and potatoes being grown as well.
The Development of Craighead County
A Pictorial History of Craighead County Throughout the 19th century, Craighead County experienced continued growth and development. In 1859, the town of Jonesboro was established, which would later become the county seat. This marked the beginning of an era of industry and commerce in the county. During this time, the lumber industry boomed and sawmills began dotting the landscape.
By the turn of the century, Jonesboro had become the largest city in Craighead County and began to emerge as the commercial and industrial hub of the region. As the population began to swell, public schools and libraries were established, while public institutions such as the Jonesboro Post Office and the Craighead County Courthouse were built. Improvements in transportation also helped to encourage the growth of the county— highways were constructed, bridges were built, and in 1904, Craighead County was connected to the national railroad system.
Life in Craighead County During the Civil War
A Pictorial History of Craighead County The Civil War greatly impacted life in Craighead County. It was one of the few counties in Arkansas that did not secede from the United States, despite the immense pressure from its Confederate neighbors. As a result, the people of Craighead County found themselves in a unique situation.
The county was continuously occupied by Union troops throughout the war, and many of the residents had to deal with the constant threat of violence and raids. After the war, many of the county’s citizens were left homeless and destitute, and the county had to deal with the damages inflicted by the war. Despite these hardships, the citizens of Craighead County showed great resilience in the face of such difficulties and began to rebuild their homes and their lives.
Industrial and Agricultural Development
After the Civil War, the economy of Craighead County slowly began to recover. The county’s agricultural and industrial sectors were greatly affected by the war, with many of the previously established mills and farms having to be rebuilt. Cotton and rice were two of the most lucrative crops at the time, but other commodities such as corn, wheat, and hay were also grown in the county. The opening of the White River and the Jonesboro and Eastern Railroad also aided in the revival of the county’s economy.
Industrial development also began to boom in the county. Textile and timber mills began to open and many of them flourished. The manufacturing sector expanded as well, with industries such as furniture, leather, and stoneware production beginning to take root in the county.
The economic development of Craighead County also brought about significant social changes. African-American citizens, who had previously been denied most of their basic civil rights, were finally granted their freedom. With this newfound freedom, many African-Americans moved to Craighead County, where they began to start businesses, open schools, and participate in the local economy.
Life in Craighead County During the 20th Century
A Pictorial History of Craighead County The 20th century was a period of immense change and progress in Craighead County. The county underwent a great transformation as its population surged and agriculture, timber, and industry all continued to develop. During this time, the county emerged as one of the most important centers of commerce and industry in the region.
Throughout the 1900s, the population of the county increased drastically. With a steadily growing economy and the influx of new residents, Craighead County began to build roads, establish public utilities and develop an infrastructure. In 1920, a trolley system was established in Jonesboro, connecting residents of the county to the thriving downtown area.
A Pictorial History of Craighead County population grew, so did its array of amenities. In 1926, the Majestic Theatre opened its doors in Jonesboro, which would become well-known for its entertaining films, vaudeville shows, and comedic performances. In 1928, the Craighead County Memorial Library was established, which served as a major asset for the citizens of the county.
The 21st Century & Craighead County
At the turn of the century, Craighead County is still a major center of commerce and industry in the region. The natural resources of the county continue to make it an attractive destination for businesses and residents. Jonesboro remains the hub of the county and continues to attract new residents and businesses.
Today, advances in technology have opened up new opportunities for the people of Craighead County. In 2002, the county received a grant to implement a comprehensive Internet connectivity program, making it easier than ever for citizens to access services, news and entertainment. Schools in Craighead County also benefit from the latest in educational technology, including robust online instructional systems.
Craighead County is also now home to a variety of cultural and recreational amenities. Several new parks and trails have been established in recent years, while the historic downtown area of Jonesboro contains many buildings and monuments that tell the story of the county’s past. The county also holds a number of festivals, fairs, and events that celebrate its rich history and culture.
Through its long and varied history Craighead County has experienced many changes and advancements, and continues to evolve with the times. The use of technology, industry, and agriculture have all contributed towards its development, but the citizens of Craighead County have always been its greatest asset.
A Pictorial History of Craighead County Craighead County has a unique and interesting history that has been documented over the years in photographs. The stories these photographs tell are invaluable and remind us of the often forgotten past of the area. We hope that readers have been enlightened by learning a bit more about the people, places, and events that have shaped this county’s past. It is important to remember the history of Craighead County so that it can be preserved for future generations to enjoy.